Landscape

According to the physical geographical zoning of Lithuania, the territory of the regional park belongs to the lowland region of Central Lithuania, the Nevėžis plain district. The predominant landscapes are clayey plains and river valleys. It is made of moraine plains, in some places diversified with an alluvial and wavy surface of alluvial origin. In the regional park, the diversity of the landscape is determined by the types of low-forested steep-washed washed-out valley, shallow cultivated channel-type creek river valley, low-cultivated erosive valleys and forested and agrarian moraine plains landscape belonging to one morphological landscape area. In this region of plains and cultivated fields, the natural complex of Nevėžis ancient valley has survived with ancient oxbow lakes and eroded valleys of Liaudė, Upytė and Linkava rivers, lush valley meadows, moist and difficult to pass Pašiliai, Gringaliai, Kalnelis and Ramygala forests (forests). The Nevėžis ancient valley is the greatest value of the Lithuanian central lowland landscape. Many horseshoe-shaped remnants of the old riverbed appeared over time as the river bed changed. During the floods, Nevėžis overflows its banks widely and leaves a lot of mud in the flooded coastal meadows and forms many irregularly shaped lakes and ponds. The landscape of the Nevėžis ancient valley, rarely intruded by human activity, is a legacy of the glacial period. The Nevėžis Middle Landscape Reserve has been established for the protection of natural and landscape values.

Almost half of the park's territory is covered by moist, mostly mixed stands, there are many oaks, ashes and meadows. Old oak groves have survived.

Linkava hydrographic and Upytė geomorphological reserves stand out in the landscape of the regional park. The natural, vivid valleys and landscape of these streams are protected here.

Natural and anthropogenic factors in the regional park have not caused any significant changes in the landscape in recent years. The main anthropogenic factors, especially those affecting the landscape, are clear-cutting and construction.

 

Last updated: 19-06-2020